The difference between industrial CPE, industrial router, edge computing gateway and IoT gateway
In fact, there is not much of a difference between industrial CPE and industrial routers. Sometimes it is possible to say that industrial CPE and industrial router are actually the same devices, but in the literal sense, the industrial router is easier to understand. It is a router with industrial-grade specifications. , has the characteristics of heat resistance, cold resistance, electromagnetic interference resistance, stability and reliability. The word CPE feels more foreign and technological. In fact, CPE is more of a name for civilian use. It has the function of a router and has a better appearance and performance. In addition, the rise of 5G has led to many projects requiring CPE functions. To obtain industrial-grade specifications, the industrial CPE name spreads at any time. In fact, industrial CPE and industrial routers are basically the same in form, and they are quite different from civilian CPE.
Both edge computing gateways and IoT gateways are similar and are actually the same type of device. Some are also collectively called industrial gateways, but different application scenarios and industries have different names for gateway devices that require strong computing and analysis capabilities. More are called edge computing gateways, and more are called IoT gateways for devices with strong compatibility with multiple industrial protocols. In fact, edge gateways and IoT gateways often have the functions of industrial CPE and industrial routers, and often have more powerful performance and richer interfaces. Industrial gateways are more complex than conventional CPEs and routers in terms of hardware and software.
The industrial CPEs, industrial routers, edge computing gateways, and IoT gateways mentioned above all have many common characteristics. , brand attributes, these aspects are described.
Network attributes: Only professionals in the network equipment industry can understand the whole picture. The network is divided into wireless and wired. We have private networks, public-private integration, European regulations, 5.8G, dual-band wifi, Lora, dual 5G, etc. Wired involves RJ45, network port, optical port, 100M, Gigabit, single-mode dual-mode light, etc., and RJ45 network port equipment involves more distinctions such as single-port, dual-port, four-port, five-port, eight-port and so on.
Networking/programming capabilities: The networking capabilities and performance directly determine the application scenarios and levels of the device. The following are commonly used networking technology functions: IPSEC VPN, L2TP VPN, GRE VPN, OpenVPN, SSL VPN, DM VPN, GRETAP, RIP, BGP, OSPF, python, C++, Linux, opencpu, OpenWRT, point-to-point, end-to-end, subnet interworking, layer 2 interworking, firewall, port mapping, data filtering, VLAN, fixed IP, IPV6, etc.
Application scenarios: Industrial gateway equipment covers many application scenarios, industrial grade, military-grade, electric power, water conservancy, environmental protection, water resources, transportation, substation, photovoltaic, charging pile, street light gateway, reservoir dam, smart factory, low-cost, industry 4.0, outdoor, smart construction site, driving test, drone, AGV unmanned vehicle, robot, rail transit, security, intelligent logistics vehicle, oil field, mine, gas, etc.
Form and function: Industrial equipment needs to have specific forms and functions, such as embedded, onboard, explosion-proof, intrinsically safe, waterproof, low power consumption, micropower consumption, video transmission, programmable and scalable, secondary development, small size, touch screen, with screen, modular, rail installation, edge computing capability, video surveillance, vehicle, core board, etc.
The interface features: There are many types of industrial field terminal devices. Industrial gateways often need to connect different types of devices for acquisition and communication. In most cases, the interfaces include SD card, switch quantity, analog quantity, relay, IO port, POE power supply, national secret, and encryption. esim, cassette storage, battery-powered, IP68, vertical encryption, CAN bus, RS485, data acquisition, lightning protection, built-in battery, anti-corrosion, anti-salt spray, lithium battery, etc.
Protocol: The biggest feature of industrial gateways is that they are compatible with communication protocol protocols in many industries, sometimes commonly known as protocol converters, which involve Modbus, ntrip, IEC101 protocol, IEC104 protocol, DLT_645 protocol, DNP3.0, Modbus TCP, Siemens S7-, PLC protocol, Schneider, Mitsubishi, Omron, Delta, MQTT, Huawei Cloud, Alibaba Cloud, Tencent Cloud, Mobile ONENET, IEC101, IEC102, IEC103, IEC61850, PPI, HJ212, etc.
Brand attributes: Involves manufacturers, company strength, factory brand awareness, industry certification qualifications, etc., and often involves OEM and ODM. Often, users search and ask which equipment is easy to use, what are the top ten brands, and whether there is any 3C certification, electric power research institute certification, state grid certification, information security certification, type report, national secret certification, hardware encryption certification, power certification, etc.